The Evil Eye Curse
How to Protect Yourself?
The Evil Eye Around the World
The belief of ‘nazar’ is not only prevalent in Turkey, but also very common in a large number of countries in which is named ‘mauvais oeil’ in France, ‘elayn’ or ‘isabet-i ayn’ or 'ayn al-asūd ( ﻦﯿﻋدﻮﺴﺤﻟا)’ in Arabia, ‘evil eye’ in America and England, ‘böser blick’ in Germany, ‘matisma’ in Greece, ‘bed nezer’ in Iran, ‘sihi’ in India and ‘mal de ojo’ in Latin America.
The evil is historically and geographically common as a notion, a superstition, a religious belief, or a faith complex, but it has a lengthy history in Mediterranean regions (DiStasi, 1981; Dundes, 1981; Francis, 1994; Migliore, 1997; Siebers, 1983). It is known recently that the faith of the evil eye originated and spread from the Mediterranean basin. Elworthy (1958) and Story (2003), which was later carried through ancient Rome in the Classic Greece (Figure 1). In the story of classical Greek and Roman myth, the eyes of the snake haired Gorgon Medusa transform into stone (DiStasi, 1981, Siebers, 1983).
The land of Anatolia in Turkey has a rich cultural heritage with evil eyes, and is located on an area of the ancient Mesopotamia and Rome, near the Mediterranean. The origins of the evil notion differ from culture as part of a belief system to commodities of the idea. The subject can provide a deeper insight into the significance of creed building through analysis within a cultural framework.
The Brislin describes culture as a group of individuals that have a relationship with shared convictions, experiences, value and a shared background (Brislin, 1981). Goodenough says that culture involves norms for how and what the person's position in what happens and can be done about it (Goodenough, 1961). The culture also involves norms.
Various types of cultural opponents are common all over the globe. Some amulets and rituals, however, are special to the area. These opposing behavioral acts are categorized into two groups in Turkey, namely Çıblak (2004:4-17) protecting against the bad eye and 2 eliminating impact. Turkish culture's opposing actions and protection practices can be split into two groups: firstly based on the Islamic amulet ' muska3' produced in men of faith (hodijas) who do not accept or pray financially or say' masha allah;'
The second is the cultural items of distinct local and sub-cultural regions in Turkey, including malicious eye beads, hand-forms, horseshoe shells, turtle shells, the head of animals, ram horns, bells, perforated stone, mercury, and eggshells (Çıblak, 2004). In his dissertation, Çobanoğlu points out that the rate is greater for evil eye convictions in Turkey among individuals who are praying frequently than those who do not pray. However, they do not prefer to prevent amulets, but instead consider praying (Çobanoğlu, 2006).
It is usually determined that the evil eye source is poor thinking (percent 41) and admires (percent 29). Only few respondents (percent 22) think that this happens without anyone. Evil sources were mostly defined by eye in the literature, but there are also various kinds of sources, such as expression, psyche or puff. "Who of the follow-ups causing evil eye was questioned to participants?” Close ratios derived from answers; 35% Glance; 29% Psyche; 23% Speech or Sound; %13 Puff. Eye symbolization in evil eye artifacts directly linked to the glance.
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