The Evil Eye Curse
What is the Curse of the Evil Eye?
Evil Eye Belief and Practice (EEBP) is a widely used conception that certain people are naturally able to injure other people, cause disease and death, and simply by looking destroy any person, animal or thing. The conviction that the eye is an active organ, also known as "fascination" (in Greek Basquania ; Latin: fascinatio), which sends out destructive emanations charged with adverse disposition (in particular, envy, maliciousness, misery and rejected generosity).
These emanations are projected in the core or soul against both animated and inanimate objects. Plutarch, the writer of the Roman era, compares these emanations to sun's damaging rays and the arrows that the gospel writers shoot from an arch compare to light-beams projected by a light.
This Evil Eye can be repelled and warded off by a great variety of protective words, gestures, actions, and evil eye protection jewelry.
Extensively attested in the ancient circum-Mediterranean regions (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Israel) and ancient Near Eastern religions (Mesopotamian religion, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) and continuing in these regions into the present day, EEBP (which includes not only belief in the evil eye but also the numerous practices intended to avoid or repel it) can be found in all of the six major regions of the world and in sixty-seven of 186 societies across the globe, thirty-six percent of the total world sample.
In antiquity, poets, tragedians, philosophers, historians, naturalists, artists, sages, and theologians all referred to the phenomenon. Direct reference to EEBP occurs in literary works, sacred texts, personal letters, papyri, inscriptions, philosophical and historical treatises, incantations and prayers, sermons, and theological commentaries from the 3rd millennium BCE through Late Antiquity (6th cent. CE).
Thousands of anti-Evil Eye amulets discovered in archeological excavations, and anti-Evil Eye designs, formulas and inscriptions on door plates, stone enclosure, mosaic thresholds, public building and private jewelry are complementing these documents, together with statuary and art (frescoes, burial arts, etc.).
How to Protect Yourself?
The Evil Eye Around the World
The belief of ‘nazar’ is not only prevalent in Turkey, but also very common in a large number of countries in which is named ‘mauvais oeil’ in France, ‘elayn’ or ‘isabet-i ayn’ or 'ayn al-asūd ( ﻦﯿﻋدﻮﺴﺤﻟا)’ in Arabia, ‘evil eye’ in America and England, ‘böser blick’ in Germany, ‘matisma’ in Greece, ‘bed nezer’ in Iran, ‘sihi’ in India and ‘mal de ojo’ in Latin America.
The evil is historically and geographically common as a notion, a superstition, a religious belief, or a faith complex, but it has a lengthy history in Mediterranean regions (DiStasi, 1981; Dundes, 1981; Francis, 1994; Migliore, 1997; Siebers, 1983). It is known recently that the faith of the evil eye originated and spread from the Mediterranean basin. Elworthy (1958) and Story (2003), which was later carried through ancient Rome in the Classic Greece (Figure 1). In the story of classical Greek and Roman myth, the eyes of the snake haired Gorgon Medusa transform into stone (DiStasi, 1981, Siebers, 1983).
The land of Anatolia in Turkey has a rich cultural heritage with evil eyes, and is located on an area of the ancient Mesopotamia and Rome, near the Mediterranean. The origins of the evil notion differ from culture as part of a belief system to commodities of the idea. The subject can provide a deeper insight into the significance of creed building through analysis within a cultural framework.
The Brislin describes culture as a group of individuals that have a relationship with shared convictions, experiences, value and a shared background (Brislin, 1981). Goodenough says that culture involves norms for how and what the person's position in what happens and can be done about it (Goodenough, 1961). The culture also involves norms.
Various types of cultural opponents are common all over the globe. Some amulets and rituals, however, are special to the area. These opposing behavioral acts are categorized into two groups in Turkey, namely Çıblak (2004:4-17) protecting against the bad eye and 2 eliminating impact. Turkish culture's opposing actions and protection practices can be split into two groups: firstly based on the Islamic amulet ' muska3' produced in men of faith (hodijas) who do not accept or pray financially or say' masha allah;'
The second is the cultural items of distinct local and sub-cultural regions in Turkey, including malicious eye beads, hand-forms, horseshoe shells, turtle shells, the head of animals, ram horns, bells, perforated stone, mercury, and eggshells (Çıblak, 2004). In his dissertation, Çobanoğlu points out that the rate is greater for evil eye convictions in Turkey among individuals who are praying frequently than those who do not pray. However, they do not prefer to prevent amulets, but instead consider praying (Çobanoğlu, 2006).
It is usually determined that the evil eye source is poor thinking (percent 41) and admires (percent 29). Only few respondents (percent 22) think that this happens without anyone. Evil sources were mostly defined by eye in the literature, but there are also various kinds of sources, such as expression, psyche or puff. "Who of the follow-ups causing evil eye was questioned to participants?” Close ratios derived from answers; 35% Glance; 29% Psyche; 23% Speech or Sound; %13 Puff. Eye symbolization in evil eye artifacts directly linked to the glance.
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